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江苏省淮安市2014年毕业生中考英语综合考试卷带参考答案

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发表于 2015-4-1 01:42:11 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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江苏省淮安市2014年初中毕业暨中等学校招生文化统一考试
英                语                试                题
一.        单项选择。
1.        Beijing is one of ______ biggest cities in China.
A. a                 B. an        C. the                D. /
2. John is fond of swimming. His bobby is different from______.
        A. I         B. me         C. my         D. mine
3. Mum likes making pictures and the pies she cooks always taste _______.
        A. good                 B. well                C. bad                D. badly
4. The old man can’t hear us well because there’s something wrong with his ______.
        A. mouth                B. nose                C. ears                D. eyes.
5. Sam enjoyed collecting. He has collected over three _______stamps.
        A. hundred        B. hundreds                C. hundred of         D. hundreds of
6. Now teenagers are very busy with their schoolwork and they have _____ time to do exercise.
        A. few                B. little                C. a few                D. a little
7. You should _______ smoking. It’s really bad for your health.
        A. look up        B. give up        C. get up                D. set up
8. --________ do you go to the supermarket, Amy?      -- Once a week.
        A. How many         B. How much                C. How far                D. How often
9. Andy, you’d better not eat meat only. You should know milk and fruit _______ good for you.
        A. is         B. are         C. was         D. were.
10. Prince George is ________ lovely that many people like him very much.
        A. very                 B. such                C. as                 D. so
11. Last March, many trees ________ along the streets to make our city more beautiful.
        A. were planted                 B. we re planting        C. had planted                D. planted
12. The 18th Jiangsu Provincial Games will ______ in September. Many students want to be volunteers.
        A. take place                B. take part        C. take action                D. take care
13. –Mr Wang, could you tell me how long _______ the magazines? –At most ten days.
        A. I can borrow        B. can I borrow        C. I can keep                D. can I keep
14. The book Alice In Wonderland is very interesting. I ______ it twice already.
        A. read                 B. have read        C. am reading                D. will read
15. – What el se should we pay attention to _______ building the bridge?
        --The change of the weather, I think..
        A. finish                B. finished         C. to finish                D. finishing
二.完形填空。
Years ago, while I lived in Engand, part of my college task was to help the children with special needs.I was chosen to 16 in a school with disabled children. The teacher asked me to 17 Nancy, a ten-year-old girl. One of 18 hands cou ld not move. At her school the teachers would think it was an achievement 19 she was able to put on her own coat. But I saw more in her. She had always wanted to put a string 20 the hole of a key.
For the 5 years Nancy was in the school, the teachers always 21 to help her, but always ended up doing all the work for her. I knew Nancy could do 22 , so I encouraged her to do something herself. At first Nancy often failed and got very 23 . Sometimes I wanted to give up too. 24 , after a week Nancy was able to do 25 she had wanted to alone for so many years. Her teachers cried 26 when they saw the thing she was able to do with just some encouragement.
Disabled people should 27 be told they can’t do this or that. With just some encouragement they can do it. The look 28 that girl’s face when she was able to do it herself meant 29 to me I hope everyone will encourage people to do all they want by themselves 30 telling them t hey can’t do it.
16. A. read                         B. study                        C. work                         D. visit
17. A. look after                B. look for                C. look at                         D. look over
18. A. his                        B. her                        C. my                                 D. your
19. A.before                 B. through                C.if                                        D. until
20. A. through                 B. across                C. over                                D. into
21. A. failed                        B. refused                C. agreed                        D. tried
22. A. less                        B. more                        C. nothing                        D. anything
23. A. excited                B. pleased                 C. unsafe                        D. unhappy
24. A. And                         B. However                C. But                                 D. So
25. A. which                 B . that                         C. what                         D. how
26. A. in danger                B. in fear                C. with care                        D. with joy
27. A. never                        B. always                C. often                                D. sometimes
28. A. of                        B. in                        C. on                                D. at
29. A. the earth                B. the sun                C. the moon                        D. the world
3o. A. instead of         B. because                C. together with                D. more than
二.        阅读理解(A、B两篇每小题2分,其他每小题1分)
A
An old man walked slowly into a restaurant with his cane(拐杖). His old jacket and shoes made him unusual that day.
A young waitress named Mary watched him move towards a table by the window. She ran over to him, and said with a smile, “Here, sir. Let me give you a hand.”
Without saying a word, he gave her a smile. She pulled the chair away from the table and helped him sit down. Then she put his cane against the table so that he could reach it. In a soft, clear voice, he said, “Thank you, miss.”
“You’re welcome, sir,” she replied. “I’ll be back in a moment, and if you need anything, just wave at me!”
After he had finished a good meal. Mary brought him the change. She handed him his cane, and walked with him to the front door. Holding the door open for him, she said, “Come back and see us, sir!” The old man turned around and smiled.
When Mary went to clean his table, she was shocked. Under the plate, she found a business card, a 100-dollar bill and a note. The note said, “Dear Mary, I respect(尊敬) you very much, and you respect yourself, too. It shows the way you treat others. You have found the secret of happiness.”
In fact, the old man was the owner of the restaurant. That was the first time that she, or any of his waitresses, had seen him.
31. The old man looked __________
        A. young        B. handsome                C. unusual                D. common
32. As soon as the old man entered the restaurant, Mary greeted him_______.
        A. politely        B. slowly                C. sadly                        D. angrily
33. Mary told the  old man to _______ when he needed something.
        A. ring the bell        B. wave at her        C. shout at her                D. phone her
34. Mary was shocked when she found a business card, a 100-dollar bill and a note _______.
        A. on the chair        B. on the ground                C. under the bowl        D. on the plate
35. The old man was ______.
        A. Mary’s father                                        B. Mary’s neighbour       
C. the boss of the restaurant                D. a waiter of the restaurant
B
With the development of science and technology, our dailylife is becoming more colorful and more convenient.

An Underwater Hotel
It looks like a spaceship but it is actually a picture of an underwater hotel. A company plans to build the hotel in the sea which is about 15metres below the surface(表面).The whole building is underwater and you can get to it by swimming and diving.
Google Glass
Google Glass is a pair of glasses with a battery(电池)hidden inside the frame(边框). It can perform many of the same tasks as smart phones. The glass has hidden camera and a tiny screen. It is designed to take hands-free photos or videos of anything people are doing.
A New Kind of shirt
Hate washing clothes? You’re going to love this kind of shirt made by an American clothing company, Wool Prince. This shirt can be worn for 100 straight days without washin g! The Wool Prince shirt never needs ironing(熨烫).
The Digital(数字) Library
Can you imagine walking into a library and finding all books have turned into companies? The first bookless public library is planned to open in San Antonio, Texas, America. Computers will take the place of books soon.
36. The underwater hotel is about _______meters below the surface.
        A. 10                B. 15                C. 100                D. 150
37. You needn’t use ______ when you take photos or video with Google Glass.
        A. camera        B. a screen        C. a battery        D. your hand
38. You can wear the Wool&Prince shirt for about ______ without washing.
        A.a month        B. two months        C. three months        D. a year
39. The digital Library tells us something about a library without ______.
        A. books        B. computers        C. bookshelves                D. reader
40. Which one of the following can reduce our housework in our daily life?
        A. The underwater hotel                                        B Google Glass
C. The Wool&Prince shirt                                        D. The digital Library
C
There are several ways you can find out about the countries and places you wish to visit. You can talk to friends who have traveled to the places, you can go and see a colour film about them, or you can read a travel book.
It seems that there are three kinds of travel books. The first are those that give a person al, subjective(主观的) idea of travels which their writer has got himself. These books can be useful if the writers share their traveling experiences with others. The second kind are those books which give objective(客观的) information of things to be done and seen. If a cultured person has written such a book about the facts of a place, then it is more useful. The third kind are those books which are called “a guide” to some place or other. If they are good, they will describe and explain the place in detail. Like the first kind , they can be interesting and exciting, but their main purpose is to help the reader plan his travel in the most practical way.
Whatever kind of travel book you choose, you must make sure that the book does not describe everything as interesting, exciting or fantastic. You must also keep an open eyes on its date of publication(出版) because travel is very practical matter and many things change quickly in the 21st century. Finally, you should make sure that it’s easy to find the useful inform ation for you travel.
41. The passage was written to introduce_______.
        A. travel maps                B. travel books        C. travel films        D. travel places
42. The writer of the first kind of travel books gave his ideas after he _______.
        A. traveled        B. read books        C. a lot of experience                D. surfed the Internet
43. The underlined phrase “a cultured person”means a person with ________.
        A. a good appearance                                B. a good education       
C. a lot of experience                                D. a lot of money
44. The date of publication must be noticed because ________.
        A. the prices of travel books may be different
        B. the writers of travel books may be different
        C. the information in travel books is always the same
D. the information in travel books is always changing
45. According to the passage, it is best to read ______ before traveling to a place of interest.
        A. the first kind of travel books                B. the second kind of travel books
        C. the third kind of travel books                D. some travel articles in newspaper
四、词汇 运用。
A. 根据句子意思,从方框中选用恰当的单词或短语填空。



1.        Many foreign guess like to come here to enj oy ___________ Chinese food.
2.        Why did they leave the house __________ with the door open ?
3.        You’ll be late for the meeting __________ you start out at once.
4.        Let’s go and play basketball after school. It can help us _____________.
5.        Lucy was surprised to see some __________ running inside her room at night.
6.        Be careful when you walk_____________ the street on your way to school.
7.        My parents got ______________ ready for the party before my birthday.
8.        It’s important to keep a balance between work and rest. Too little rest often ______________ illness.
B.根据句子意思,用括号中所给的词的适当形式填空。
9. It’s __________(possible) to finish the job in such a short time. We need two more days.
10.  Now people hope to eat healthily and begin to care about the _________(safe) of food.
11. They are looking forward to _________(win) the first prize in the coming competition.
12. Which do you think is _________ (interesting), going on a picnic of going fishing?
13. Follow that _________(doctor) advice and you will get better soon.
14. It’s reported that some wild animals __________(face) the danger of dying out now.
15. I can’t understand your suggestion. Would you mind explaining it __________(clear)?
五、 翻译句子。(每空1分)
16. 顺便问一下,昨天你交家庭作业了吗?
        ____________________, did you __________________ your homework yesterday?
17. 这只猴子足够聪明,用毛毯把火扑灭了。
        The monkey was __________________ to ________________ the fire with a blanket.
18. 请不要再嘲笑你的同学了,你应该与他们和睦相处。
        Please don’t ______________ your classmates _______________. You should get along well with them.
19. 他过去常常整夜玩电脑游戏,但现在他宁愿把时间花在功课上也不上网了。
        He _____________ play computer games all night, but now he _____________ spend  his time on his lessons than on the Internet.
20. 吃太多的巧克力会令我们更容易发胖吗?
        Does eating too much chocolate __________ easier _____________ to get fat?
六、 任务型阅读(每小题2分)。
A.
CCTV reported that every year Chinese people throw away a lot of food which can feed 200 million people for a year.
Do we hav e too much food? Of course not. According to the UN World Food Programme, there were 900million hungry people all over the world in 2013. About six million children die of hunger every year.
So think about it. We should  say no to people who waste food every day. An old saying goes, “Every grain on the plate comes from hard work.” It tells us everybody must save food.
Luckily, a number of people have realized the importance of saving food. Li Hong, a waitress in a restaurant in Jiangsu, once lost her job because she took some leftover(剩余的) food home for her son. But many people were by her side and criticized (批评) the waste of food.
What should we do in our daily life to stop wasting food? We can do many things to pr event it from happening. Here are some tips: 绿色圃中学资源网http://CZ.Lspjy.com绿色圃中小学教育网http://www.lspjy.com
Don't order too much food in a restaurant. Only order as much as yo u can eat. If you can’t eat all the food you order, take the rest of it home.
Don’t be too picky(挑剔的) about food. some food may not be tasty, but put body need it.
Don’t keep too much food at home, especially for fruit and vegetables.
21. How many hungry people were there over the world in 2013?
____________________________________________________
22. Why did Li Hong lose her job?
____________________________________________________
23. What should you do if you can’t eat all the food you ask for?
_____________________________________________________
24. Can you keep too much food at home?
______________________________________________________
25. What’s the main idea of the passage?
_____________________________________________________
B.
Now there is a family problem. Nearly every parent says that we never grow up. In fact we are probably 16 or 17 years old. In their eyes, we are always little ones and often do wrong things. For example, when I need to stay at home alone, they always worry about me and my life without them.
Most parents always think that they have offered the best things they can to make their children live in a comfortable world. They buy their children pretty clothes, cool shoes, everything that t hey can for their dear children. In return, they only want their children to get good results in the exams.
But why still can’t their children understand them? Does it mean that we still want more material things? No. As a matter of fact, what we want is a true family. What does a true family mean”? I think it means a place where we can hide ourselves from the cold world outside. From here, we can get warmth, we can get consolation(安慰), and we can get happiness. And one important thing is that we should be stronger and more confident in the outside world because we know that we have a true family.
So I think that parents should sit down to talk with their children to let know that they have a true family, so the children and their parents could understand each other more and more. Then, parents will not treat their children as little ones.

26. In the eyes of most parents, children never ____________and seldom do_____________.
27. Most parents always think they _______________ the best things for their children to live in the world _______________.
28. Children still _________________their parents because what children need most is not material things but _________________.
29. Most parents want their children to get _________________in the exams while their children want to get _______________.
30. The way to __________________ between parents and children is that they should have more communication with each other. Then, no children will ______________as little ones.
七、书面表达。(20分)
在初中三年的学习生活中,父母、老师给了我们很多帮助。假设你是李明,在即将毕业之际,用英语写一段文字以表达感激之情。感谢的对象在父母、老师中任选其一。内容必须包括以下提示点:1、感谢的对象及原因;2、举例说明帮助你的事由、经过和结果;3、你的感受和打算。
注意:1、文中不得出现真实的人名、校名及地名;2、词数在80-100之间,已给出的文字不计入总词数。
Dear __________
        Words can’t show my thanks to you,
______________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
Best wishes
                                                                                                                        Yours
                                                                                                                        Li Ming

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 楼主| 发表于 2015-4-1 01:42:25 | 显示全部楼层
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 楼主| 发表于 2015-4-1 01:42:29 | 显示全部楼层
江苏省淮安市2014年初中毕业暨中等学校招生文化统一考试 英语试题答案
I.        1-5CDACA        6-10BBDBD         11-15AACBC
II.        16-20CABCA         21-25DBDBC         26-30DACBA
III.        31-35CABDC        36-40BDCAC         41-45BABDC
IV.        1.delicious 2.in a hurry 3.unless 4. keep fit 5.mice 6.across 7 everything 8. leads to
        9.impossible 10.safety 11. winning 12.more interesting 13.doctor’s 14.are facing 15.more clearly.        16.By the way, hand in         17.clever enough, put out         18.laugh at, any more
19.        used        to , would rather
20.        make        it , for us
V.        21.About 900 million
22.Because she took some leftover food home for her son.
23.I/We can take the rest of it home
24.        No,        (I/We can’t)
25.        The reasons we can’t waste food and the ways to stop wasting food
26.        grow up, do right things
27.        have provided, comfortably
28.        can’t understand, a true family
29.        good results; warmth, consolation and happiness
30.        solve the problem, be treated

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